Liber Brenner
One of the "Bund" Leaders in Poland
Liber Brenner was born in Turisk in 1901. His father was a "Gabay" in the court of Rabbi Mordah's son. His mother owned a small flour shop and the family was very poor. Liber attended a "cheider", however, when the First World War surprised them the family left Turisk to settle in the town of "Zwoohil" in Russia where he attended a Russian High school. When the war was over the family returned to Turisk. The economic situation was very bad and Liber helped his family by giving private lessons to school children and also taught in the Hebrew school.
He was among the founders of the "Zisha" school with Yiddish as the main language. He was the most devoted teacher and beloved educator. He became very active in the "Bund" Socialist Party.
The Polish authorities could not understand the differences between them and the illegal Communist party and the invested time and effort in attempts to stop his activities. In 1929 he moved with his family to a bigger town by the name of Chenstochov in western Poland where he was appointed as a lecturer of literature in the Perez school and also a lecturer in the cultural circle of the Cultural League.
From the year 1934 until the beginning of the Second World War he served as president of the TOZ, a project to organize summer camps for children of the working class.
In 1936 the Polish authorities prohibited Brenner from teaching because of his political activities. When Germany conquered Poland he joined the Jewish underground in the resistance against the Nazis. He was one of the leading fighters of the Chenstohova Ghetto. He and his wife survived. Their little daughter was hiding outside the Ghetto and also survived and joined them after the war.
Liber Brenner believed in the possibility of establishing a Jewish life in Poland and after the Holocaust with a group of intellectuals they remained in Poland and found the Jewish Committee of the city of Chenstohov.
Yiddish new papers and periodicals were renewed with support of the Polish authorities. Liber Brenner published many articles in these re-established newspapers. In 1951 he published his study in Yiddish-"Resistance Rebellion and Annihilation of Chenstohova Ghetto" in Warsaw. When Gomulka ordered the mass departure of the remaining Jews from Poland he immigrated to Israel with his family and made his life here.